Different Styles of
Paintings from India
Paintings, Tanjur Paintings, Madhubani Paintings, Kalamkari
Paintings, Pata Chitra, Miniature Paintings, etc.
Out of all the art forms known
to man, expressing oneself through hand paintings is
perhaps one of the most fascinating of all. In fact, for thousands
of years, humans have been using simple lines and easily available
colours to sketch and draw their day to day activities as
well as express their inherent thoughts and feelings. The
famous cave paintings of Ajanta and Ellora (1st - 5th
century A.D.) and the paintings found on simple pots dating
back to the Indus Valley Civilization (3rd century
B.C.) hold testimony of this trend.
take a look at some of the different styles & techniques
of paintings in India -
Kalamkari basically refers to a technique of painting using
pen work (Kalam - pen & Kari - work). The style
of Kalamkari paintings originate from Chittoor district
in Andhra Pradesh. The defining features of these paintings
are their beautiful, larger than life figures with large eyes.
Kalamkari paintings primarily have a traditional, mythological
theme and depict epic scenes from the Mahabharat, Ramayan,
Panchatantra & Jataka tales, etc. Kalamkari paintings
have a thick border all around with the theme and story clearly
visible. A number of raw materials are used to prepare
one Kalamkari painting. What
is interesting to note is that all materials used are natural
products, derived from nature. The outlines of the drawings
are made using the tip of a kalam. These may be made by using
burnt tamarind twigs after dipping them in molasses and iron
filings. Next, colour is filled within the drawings.
Famous for their intricate details and eye catching beauty,
Madhubani paintings (also known as Mithila Paintings)
are a produce of Madhubani village in Bihar. These paintings
were traditionally made on mud walls of huts and later, these
paintings were drawn on cloth and handmade paper. The defining
feature of Madhubani Paintings are straight lines filled with
vibrant, lively and bright colours. The theme of these paintings
include images of Hindu gods and goddesses like Rama, Sita,
Krishna, Durga, etc and holy signs & symbols as well as
special events such as weddings, etc. Also read - The
Art of Madhubani Paintings.
Tanjore Paintings (Thanjavur Paintings)
traditional & extremely beautiful Tanjore paintings
date back to the 16th century courts of the Kings of Tanjore.
They display the rich cultural heritage of South India,
Tamil Nadu in particular. These paintings are created
on a cloth which is attached to a base made of wood. Once
the material is treated further, the drawings are outlined,
filled with dye colours and further decorated, especially
the clothes and jewellery with beautiful semi precious stones
etc. The usual theme of these paintings are Lord Krishna in
Patta Chitra Paintings
Chitra paintings represent one of the oldest and most treasured
art form of the state of Odisha (Orissa) and are associated
with the family of the Jagannath Temple in Puri, in particular.
The term 'Pata' means cloth and 'Chitra' is
Sanskrit for picture. The theme of pattachitra paintings
span across religion and Hindu mythology and depict the various
Jagannath icons as well as stories from the Ramayan, Mahabharata,
etc. These paintings are made on cotton or tussar cloth which is
generally coated to give a leather-like finish. All patta chitra
paintings have a consistent border on all four sides of the canvas.
The colours used by the painters or 'Chitrakars' are natural
and obtained from natural sources. The most prominent and widely
used colors include white, green, yellow, red, blue and black.
Also read - Patta
Chittra: Poetry in Colours - An Exquisite Art Form of Odissa,
of a Different Era - Indian Paintings
5. Phad Paintings
Native to the state of Rajasthan, Phad Paintings are made
by artists from Bhilwara. This popular style of painting comes under
the category of folk painting and is also referred to as a kind
of Scroll Painting. The most common themes are the historical tales
of yesteryear Rajputs as well stories of the folk dieties. The term
'Phad' refers to the long piece of cloth on which the
paintings are drawn. The colours used are natural, subtle and sometimes
(Thanka or Tanka)
Thangka Paintings are a form of religious
painting belonging to Leh in Ladakh. The theme of these paintings
may include Lord Buddha & other Buddhist dieties as well as
rituals associated with the Buddhist religion and the various forms
of the dragon, etc. Thangka paintings are made using beautiful vibrant
colours and consist of the following main parts - embroidered or
painted picture panel, covering made in silk, textile mount, etc.
They are a form of scroll painting. You may have come across Thangka
wall hangings which are quite popular.
Rangoli, Floor Decoration
also known as Alpana is an art of floor decoration, very
popular in India. The tradition of creating rangolis especially
during special events and festivals is common in most Indian homes
where the women of the house get together to decorate the floors,
especially the entrance with alpanas. In order to make the rangoli,
a powder is prepared using rice flour and white stone. Next, women
use their bare fingers to design and decorate the rangoli with beautiful
colours. Designs of the rangoli may include geometrical patterns
or natural motifs of plants, flowers, etc.
other forms of paintings
include Cave Paintings, Ivory Paintings, Miniature Paintings, etc.