content writer

Role of Five Year Plans (5 Year Plans), Mahila Mandals & Community Development Programmes for Upliftment of Women

 
About Us | Contact Us | Stories | Poetry | Musings | Jobs | Contribute Your Articles| Collection of Articles | More General Interest Articles | Home

Know More About Our Services

Contact Us contact@contentwriter.in

Women Empowerment & Planning Process

“ A Candle loses nothing by lighting another candle. ” - Swami Vivekanda.

"In most of the developing countries today, more and more emphasis is laid on the need for development of women and their active participation in the main stream of development process. It is also widely recognized that apart from managing household, bearing children, rural women bring income with productive activities ranging from traditional work in the fields to working' in factories or running small and petty businesses. They have also proven that they can be better entrepreneurs and development managers in any kind of human development activities. Therefore, it is important and utmost necessary to make rural women empowered in taking decisions to enable them to be in the central part of any human development process. The Empowerment of Women also considered as an active process enabling women to realize their full identity and power in all spheres of life.

The all round development of women has been one of the focal point of planning process in India. The First Five-Year Plan (1951-56) envisaged a number of welfare measures for women. Establishment of the Central Social Welfare Board, organization of Mahila Mandals and the Community Development Programmes were a few steps in this direction.

 

In the second Five-Year Plan (1956-61), the empowerment of women was closely linked with the overall approach of intensive agricultural development programmes.

The Third and Fourth Five-Year Plans (1961-66 and 1969-74) supported female education as a major welfare measure.

The Fifth Five-Year Plan (1974-79) emphasized training of women, who were in need of income and protection. This plan coincided with International Women’s Decade and the submission of Report of the Committee on the Status of Women in India. In 1976, Women’s welfare and Development Bureau was set up under the Ministry of Social Welfare.

The Sixth Five-Year Plan (1980-85) saw a definite shift from welfare to development. It recognized women’s lack of access to resources as a critical factor impending their growth.

The Seventh Five-Year Plan (1985-90) emphasized the need for gender equality and empowerment. For the first time, emphasis was placed upon qualitative aspects such as inculcation of confidence, generation of awareness with regards, to rights and training in skills for better employment.


The Eight Five-Year Plan (1992-97) focused on empowering women, especially at the gross roots level, through Panchayat Raj Institutions.

The Ninth Five-Year Plan (1997-2002) adopted a strategy of women’s component plan, under which not less than 30 percent of funds/benefits were earmarked for women-specific programmes.

The Tenth Five-Year Plan (2002-07) aims at empowering women through translating the recently adopted National Policy for Empowerment of Women (2001) into action and ensuring Survival, Protection and Development of women and children through rights based approach.
 

The government of Andhra Pradesh is committed to social and economic empowerment of women. It has adopted micro credit as a tool to attain the same and had taken the SHG-Bank Linkage program as a mass movement since 1998-99 onwards in the State to achieve the goal.

Various training and capacity building programs have been conducted on production, packing, marketing, micro credit and utilization of loans etc., to women SHGs. In addition to the above regular skill development training programs are being organized for giving value addition to SHG products, to develop skills among women on marketing, packaging, etc. Due to the efforts of the government more than 3.50 lakh women SHGs have availed loans from banks and other financial institutions and improved their economic status. Some of the groups have availed the loans 2 to 5 times.

During the financial year 2003-04 Rs. 1000.00 crores has been targeted as loan mobilization under SHG-Bank linkage program and an amount of Rs.826.38 crores has been mobilized up to Feb’ 04.Outstanding achievements In Andhra Pradesh more than 51% SHGs were financed by banks under SHG Linkage. This number is more than the all India figure excluding that of Andhra Pradesh. Further 44% (Rs.1,095 crores) of SHGs were disbursed the bank loan as against the total amount of Rs.2,438 crores at all India level. 33,000 SHGs were provided repeat finance by banks during 2002-03 which comes to 32% of 1, 02,391 at all India level. As per the reports of the bankers, the recovery of loans is around 95% as against 87% when comparative to other states.

The SHGs have taken up various income generating activities
by availing themselves of the facility under SHG – Bank Linkage program and increased their production to the extent that it supplies to the entire country. Micro Finance as a tool of poverty alleviation and women empowerment has gained acceptance in development dialogue the world over. There is an acute need among the poor for credit, both for consumption and production, which often forms the declining line between survival and succumbing to poverty. For Women to become a successful entrepreneur, she needs access to capital, technical and managerial know-how and market. Women are critical for Development process. Still yet to understand.

Contributed By: BEHARA SRINIVASA RAO, Associate Professor, MBA Dept, Aditya Institute of Technology and Management (AITAM) ,Tekkali - 532201. A.P., E-mail: raobehara@gmail.com

 


 

 

Sitemap

Home

 

Content Writing News | Online Writing Job Profiles | Content Writer Blog |  Online Press Release | Post Part Time/Freelance Jobs | Writing Courses


Copyright © 2005 - 2014, contentwriter.in , contact@contentwriter.in