Basic First Aid Tips
Prevention is better
than cure but sometimes certain accidents may occur that cannot
be prevented. In such cases, knowledge of some basic first aid
tips can come in very handy for everyone and help in reducing
their effects. The first thing to do is not to panic. Depending
on the mishap or the accident, here are some common sense first
aid tips that you can follow until help arrives to prevent &
reduce serious consequences -
Respiration : Check to see if the victim is breathing
properly and his or her airways are clear. Artificial respiration
like Mouth to Mouth or Mouth to Nose can help.
Fainting: Lay down the patient and loosen his clothing
around the chest, neck and waist. It is advisable to turn their
head to one side. Once he/she regains consciousness, give them some
fluids. Consult a doctor immediately.
If you suspect a fracture, immobilize
the affected limb and keep it padded with support on either
side of the joint. Consult a doctor immediately.
Burns & Scalds:
If the victim is suffering from burns or scalds, cool the
affected area with cold water until the pain reduces. Cover
the blisters with a clean cloth. Give the patient plenty of
fluids. Consult a doctor.
Bleeding: If the
victim has got hurt and is bleeding, the first thing you should
do is to control the bleeding and take care of the wound.
The wound should be covered with a bandage or a clean cloth.
The affected part of the body like the leg or arm should be
given rest and kept elevated.
In the case of a bleeding
nose, make the patient sit up with his head slightly forward.
The nose should not be blown and the patient should try to
avoid breathing from the nose. A cold compress should be applied
over the nose. Consult a doctor.
Animal Bite: Wash the affected area with soap and
water. Consult a doctor immediately to find out what to do
next. If a dog has bitten the patient, it is usually
advisable to identify the dog and watch him for a few days.
Bee Sting: Remove the sting of the
bee using forceps. Consult a doctor immediately.
keep the following numbers handy with you -
Doctor, Ambulance service, taxi service, most reliable person to
contact in case of an emergency.
If you are in doubt about
what to do, it is better to do nothing as due to your ignorance,
you may do more harm than good. Call for help immediately.
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