Articles to share your ideas, views and experiences.
on Stage : A Study of Girish Karnad's Plays
C.L. Khatri & Sudhir K.
Book Enclave, Jaipur, India, 2008, Rs. 695
Girish Karnad (1938) is a significant name in Indian English drama.
He has enriched the Indian drama by his dramatic skills. He wrote plays
first in his adopted language Kannada and then translated most of then
into English. His originality as a dramatist lies in his extraordinary
skill of using myth, history and folktale to make the drama lively and
This anthology contains
twenty two scholarly papers and these papers make an in depth study of
Yayati, Tughlaq, Hayavadana, Bali : The Sacrifice, Naga Mandala.
Tala-Danda. The Fire and the Rain. The Dreams of Tipu Sultion. A heap of
Broken Images and Flowers.
Dr. Khatri and Dr. Arora make us familiar with Karnad in the scholarly
written Preface, "for his contribution to literature, he got many
prestigious award that include : Mysore State Award for Yayati (1962),
Government of Mysore Rajyotsava Award (1970), Sangeet Natak Akademi Award
for Play writing (1972), Padma Shri (1974)" "Writer of the Year" Award
from Granthaloka Journal of the Book Trade for Taladanda (1990), the
Karnatak Sahitya Akademi Award for the Most Creative Work for Nagam and
ala (1992), the B.H. Sridhar Award for Taledanda (1992), the Padma Bhushan
Award (1992) ...... the Sahitya Academy Award for Taledanda (1994), the
Gubbi Veeranna Award (1997), the Bhartiya Jnanpith Award (1999) and
Kalidas Samman by the Government of Madhya Pradesh (1999)."
In the first paper of the anthology entitled "Girish Karnad : The Man
and The Play Wright", Dr. Khatre presents the marathon odyssey of
"Karnad wanted to be a poet of English but he became a play Wright in
Kannada and Indian English of par excellence. His plays proved to be an
epoch making both critically and in stage production."
The second paper entitled 'Brecht's Non-Aristotelian Theory of Drama
and Dramatic Art of Girish Karnad' by Dr. R.N. Rai explores Brecht's
theory of drama and compares it with the dramatic art of Girish Karnad. "Brechtian
in fluency on Karnad made him sharply aware of the theatricality
imaginativeness and inherent power of the Indian theatre. It sensitised
him to the rich potentialities of non-naturalistic techniques of our
traditional theatre. Admitting Brecht's influence on his dramatic works
Karnad remarks that "Brecht's influence, received mainly through his
writing and without the benefit of his theatrical productions, went some
way in making us realize what could be done with the design of traditional
theatre." (Karnad, 14)
The third paper by Dr. Jyoti Gupta and Dr. Sushma Sharma entitled
'Existentialism in Girish Karnad' Yayati presents existentialism in
the play Yayati'. S.T. Kharat explores evil deception and violence in
Karnad's play Tughlaq in his play ' The Projection of Evil, Deception and
Violence in Girish Karnad's Tughlaq' "The play is thus packed with
intrigues machinations, blood-shed, terrible murders, violence and horror.
There is a long chain of deception and violence. Seven to eight major
characters are killed and countless people die during the exodus."
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Y. Shinde presents Tughlaq as a political saga in his
scholarly paper "Tughlaq : A contemporary play by Girish Karnad."
Dr. N.K. Neb has raised some issues regarding the dramatisation of the
failure in the play 'Tughlaq' in his paper entitled "Girish Karnad's
Tughlaq : Dramatisation of the Failure of Dialogical co-existence.'
"The failure of the dialogical discourse to take place lies in Tughlaq's
centralising perspective. Even the play Wright seems to realise this."
Another scholarly paper by Dr. Ram Sharma entitles "Displaying the
theatrical Effectiveness : (Re-) cording through Techniques in Girish
Karnad's Tughlaq forces the theatrical effectiveness in this play.
Dr. G.S. Jha presents Karnad's Haya-vadana as a post colonial text is his
scholarly paper entitled "Girish Karnad's Hayavadana : A Post Colonial
Fruition'. "Post-colonialist, despite all controversies includes the
question of identity, alienation, moral code, fulfillment, mythological
orientation, gender placement, meta-physical dualism, neo-colonial
dialectic etc, Karnad plays with historical and mythological episodes to
prove his typical post-colonial stature."
Dr. A. Vanitha throws light on the magic realist attributes in Hayavadana
(1975) in his paper "The Third Eye Vision in Girish Karnad's Hayavadana'.
Dr. Kumud Agarwal presents Hayavadana as evolutionary medium in her paper
"Evolving the Man : A Note on Girish Karnad's Hayavadana as Drama of
Evolutionary Impulse in Man."
Binod Mishra presents scholarly paper entitled "Girish Karnad's Bali : The
Sacrifice : A voice of Reason against a saga of Myth."
"Thus we find that Karnad's Bali based on spiritual rifts between two
religion us sects challenges the idiosyncratic practice and expose the
hypocrisy of Man to God."
Dr. Anshuman Khanna presents dialogic ramifications in Karnad's Bali in
his paper "Dialogic Ramifications in Karnad's Bale, The Sacrifice."
Dr. Madhubala Saxena peeps into the characters of Karnad's play Bali in
her scholarly paper "Portraying the Inner Lands cape : A Peep into the
characters of Girish Karnad's Bali : The Sacrifice.
Dr. Shubha Mishra explores foricairlt's Parropticism in her paper
entitled" Reading and (Mis) reading Girish Karnad's, Bali : The Sacrifice,
in the light of foucanlt's Panopticism.'
Dr. Anupam Bansal and Dr. Satish Kumar presents women empowerment in
Girish Karnad's Naga Mandala in their paper entitled "Emanicipating Women
: A Note on Women Empowerment in Girish Karnad's Naga Mandala."
Dr. R.R. Priyadharshini presents archetypal perspective in her paper
entitled "Girish Karnad's Naga Mandala : An Archetrypal Perspective".
Dr. M.R. Verma explores Karnad's Tale-Tale-Danda : Present ness of the
Past : Dr. G.A. Ghanshyan and Raj Ralcha Singh explores jealousy and
ego-the two important human aspects in the Fire and the Rain in their
paper entitled "The Fire and the Rain : A Tale of Inflated Egos', Dr.
Archana Rathore explores classical myths in The Fire and the Rain in her
scholarly paper entitled "Vivifying the classical Myths : A Note on Girish
The Fire and the Rain :
Dr. (Mrs.) Gulshan Das and Ms. Tanjiem Ara Khan finds myths in Girish
Karnad's 'The Fire and the Rain' in their paper "Intertextuality and
Retelling of Myths in Girish Karand's The Fire and the Rain.
This anthology contains last two scholarly papers by one of brilliant
scholars of Indian English Literature Dr. S.K. Arora. In the first paper
he presents Karnad's The Dreams of Tipu Sultan as a post colonial text.
"The story of Tipu Sultan clearly exhibits that the English were afraid of
Tipu Sultan., the only person in South India, as they were very well aware
of his capabilities and skill in handling the administration and the
defense system of his Kingdom." Dr. Arora presents aesthetics and breaking
of the Ethics in Karnad's Two Monologues in his scholarly paper.
This anthology is unique in its own kind and both Dr. Khatri and Dr. Arora
kind and both Dr. Khatri and Dr. Arora are successful in their efforts.
This anthology is a must read for every avid reader and student of English
literature. Although the price Rs. 695 looks quite much.
Contributing Author: Dr. Ram Sharma, Lecturer